Compiling the GLib package

Compiling the GLib Package — How to compile GLib itself

Building the Library on UNIX

On UNIX, GLib uses the standard Meson build system. The normal sequence for compiling and installing the GLib library is thus:



        meson _build

        ninja -C _build

        ninja -C _build install

      

The standard options provided by Meson may be passed to the meson command. Please see the Meson documentation or run meson configure --help for information about the standard options.

GLib is compiled with strict aliasing disabled. It is strongly recommended that this is not re-enabled by overriding the compiler flags, as GLib has not been tested with strict aliasing and cannot be guaranteed to work.

The GTK+ documentation contains further details about the build process and ways to influence it.

Dependencies

Before you can compile the GLib library, you need to have various other tools and libraries installed on your system. If you are building from a release archive, you will need a compliant C toolchain, Meson, and pkg-config; the requirements are the same when building from a Git repository clone of GLib.

  • pkg-config is a tool for tracking the compilation flags needed for libraries that are used by the GLib library. (For each library, a small .pc text file is installed in a standard location that contains the compilation flags needed for that library along with version number information).

A UNIX build of GLib requires that the system implements at least the original 1990 version of POSIX. Beyond this, it depends on a number of other libraries.

  • The GNU libiconv library is needed to build GLib if your system doesn't have the iconv() function for doing conversion between character encodings. Most modern systems should have iconv(), however many older systems lack an iconv() implementation. On such systems, you must install the libiconv library. This can be found at: http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv.

    If your system has an iconv() implementation but you want to use libiconv instead, you can pass the -Diconv=gnu option to meson. This forces libiconv to be used.

    Note that if you have libiconv installed in your default include search path (for instance, in /usr/local/), but don't enable it, you will get an error while compiling GLib because the iconv.h that libiconv installs hides the system iconv.

    If you are using the native iconv implementation on Solaris instead of libiconv, you'll need to make sure that you have the converters between locale encodings and UTF-8 installed. At a minimum you'll need the SUNWuiu8 package. You probably should also install the SUNWciu8, SUNWhiu8, SUNWjiu8, and SUNWkiu8 packages.

    The native iconv on Compaq Tru64 doesn't contain support for UTF-8, so you'll need to use GNU libiconv instead. (When using GNU libiconv for GLib, you'll need to use GNU libiconv for GNU gettext as well.) This probably applies to related operating systems as well.

  • The libintl library from the GNU gettext package is needed if your system doesn't have the gettext() functionality for handling message translation databases.

  • A thread implementation is needed. The thread support in GLib can be based upon POSIX threads or win32 threads.

  • GRegex uses the PCRE library for regular expression matching. The default is to use the system version of PCRE, to reduce the chances of security fixes going out of sync. GLib additionally provides an internal copy of PCRE in case the system version is too old, or does not support UTF-8; the internal copy is patched to use GLib for memory management and to share the same Unicode tables.

  • The optional extended attribute support in GIO requires the getxattr() family of functions that may be provided by the C library or by the standalone libattr library. To build GLib without extended attribute support, use the -Dxattr=false option.

  • The optional SELinux support in GIO requires libselinux. To build GLib without SELinux support, use the -Dselinux=disabled option.

  • The optional support for DTrace requires the sys/sdt.h header, which is provided by SystemTap on Linux. To build GLib without DTrace, use the -Ddtrace=false option.

  • The optional support for SystemTap can be disabled with the -Dsystemtap=false option. Additionally, you can control the location where GLib installs the SystemTap probes, using the -Dtapset_install_dir=DIR option.

Extra Configuration Options

In addition to the normal options, these additional ones are supported when configuring the GLib library:

--buildtype This is a standard Meson option which specifies how much debugging and optimization to enable. If the build type starts with debug, G_ENABLE_DEBUG will be defined and GLib will be built with additional debug code enabled.

-Dforce_posix_threads=true Normally, Meson should be able to work out the correct thread implementation to use. This option forces POSIX threads to be used even if the platform provides another threading API (for example, on Windows).

-Dinternal_pcre=true Normally, GLib will be configured to use the system-supplied PCRE library if it is suitable, falling back to an internal version otherwise. If this option is specified, the internal version will always be used. Using the internal PCRE is the preferred solution if:

  • your system has strict resource constraints; the system-supplied PCRE has a separated copy of the tables used for Unicode handling, whereas the internal copy shares the Unicode tables used by GLib.

  • your system has PCRE built without some needed features, such as UTF-8 and Unicode support.

  • you are planning to use both GRegex and PCRE API at the same time, either directly or indirectly through a dependency; PCRE uses some global variables for memory management and other features, and if both GLib and PCRE try to access them at the same time, this could lead to undefined behavior.

-Dbsymbolic_functions=false and -Dbsymbolic_functions=true By default, GLib uses the -Bsymbolic-functions linker flag to avoid intra-library PLT jumps. A side-effect of this is that it is no longer possible to override internal uses of GLib functions with LD_PRELOAD. Therefore, it may make sense to turn this feature off in some situations. The -Dbsymbolic_functions=false option allows to do that.

-Dgtk_doc=false and -Dgtk_doc=true By default, GLib will detect whether the gtk-doc package is installed. If it is, then it will use it to extract and build the documentation for the GLib library. These options can be used to explicitly control whether gtk-doc should be used or not. If it is not used, the distributed, pre-generated HTML files will be installed instead of building them on your machine.

-Dman=false and -Dman=true By default, GLib will detect whether xsltproc and the necessary DocBook stylesheets are installed. If they are, then it will use them to rebuild the included man pages from the XML sources. These options can be used to explicitly control whether man pages should be rebuilt used or not. The distribution includes pre-generated man pages.

-Dxattr=false and -Dxattr=true By default, GLib will detect whether the getxattr() family of functions is available. If it is, then extended attribute support will be included in GIO. These options can be used to explicitly control whether extended attribute support should be included or not. getxattr() and friends can be provided by glibc or by the standalone libattr library.

-Dselinux=auto, -Dselinux=enabled or -Dselinux=disabled By default, GLib will detect if libselinux is available and include SELinux support in GIO if it is. These options can be used to explicitly control whether SELinux support should be included.

-Ddtrace=false and -Ddtrace=true By default, GLib will detect if DTrace support is available, and use it. These options can be used to explicitly control whether DTrace support is compiled into GLib.

-Dsystemtap=false and -Dsystemtap=true This option requires DTrace support. If it is available, then GLib will also check for the presence of SystemTap.

-Db_coverage=true and -Db_coverage=false Enable the generation of coverage reports for the GLib tests. This requires the lcov frontend to gcov from the Linux Test Project. To generate a coverage report, use ninja coverage-html. The report is placed in the meson-logs directory.

-Druntime_libdir=RELPATH Allows specifying a relative path to where to install the runtime libraries (meaning library files used for running, not developing, GLib applications). This can be used in operating system setups where programs using GLib needs to run before e.g. /usr is mounted. For example, if LIBDIR is /usr/lib and ../../lib is passed to -Druntime_libdir then the runtime libraries are installed into /lib rather than /usr/lib.